Golf Terminology

   
Home: Guide 4 Golf

Golf Articles

Equipment Tips
   Being Fitted for Your Golf Clubs
   Choosing Golf Clothing

Family Tips
   Teaching Kids Golf

Golf Glossary

Golf Jokes

Playing Tips
   Developing Your Own Style
   Golf Etiquette
   Improving Your Balance
   Improving Your Golf Putting
   Improving Your Golf Swing
   Keep Your Head Still
   No Fear!
   The Feel of Good Golf

Vacations
   How to Pack
   How to Save Money

Golf Courses

Public Golf Courses
   California
   Florida
   Hawaii
   Michigan
   Nevada
   North Carolina
   Oregon
   South Carolina

Golf Product Reviews

eBook Reviews
   Four Magic Moves
   Golf Beginner Guide
   Guide to Golf Options
   High Power Golf
   Instant Golf Lesson
   Instant Slice Cure
   Renegade Mindset
   Simple Golf Swing

Golf Shopping

Accessories
   Ball Markers
   Ball Retrievers
   Cart Accessories
   Divot Tools
   Gloves
   Range Finders
   Scopes
   Tees
   Towels
   Training Tools
   Umbrellas

Bags & Carts
   Bag Accessories
   Carry Bags
   Cart Bags
   Carts
   Push & Pull Carts
   Travel Bags & Cases

Balls
   Practice
   Range
   Standard
   Women's
   X-Outs

Books

Calendars

Club Parts & Accessories
   Club Organizers
   Grip Repair Kits
   Grips
   Head Covers
   Shafts

DVDs

Magazines

Shoes
   Men's Shoes
   Shoe Bags
   Spike Wrenches
   Spikes

Software

Golf Links

Golf Downloads

Golf eBooks

Golf Fitness

Golf Jokes

Golf Vacations

Golf Products
(Adverts)

Golf Beginner Guide

Golf Swing Eureka

How to Break 80

Instant Slice Cure

Lady Golfers Guide

The Simple Golf Swing

Underground Golf Psychology
 
   
Guide 4 Golf   >   Golf Articles   >   Golf Terminology

   
 

 

Golf Terminology


Many people are not sure about the mean of golf related words and phrases, so we have put together this glossary of golf terminology.

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z
A  
 
Ace    Finishing a hole in one shot.
 
Address    The position of a golfer's body when preparing to hit the ball.
 
Aerosol    A player who rarely hits the ball in a consistent line and "sprays" the ball.
 
Aim    The direction in which a golfer's target lies and in which he intends to go.
 
Air Shot    A shot where the player completely misses the ball. Also know as a "Whiff".
 
Albatross    Finishing 3 under par on a hole. Also known as a "Double Eagle"
 
All Square    The situation in match play when both players have the same number of holes.
 
Approach
Approach Shot   
A shot onto the green played using a short or medium iron.
 
Apron    The area of closely-cut grass around the green. Also known as the "Fringe".
 
Away    The player who is furthest from the hole. This player should always play first.
 
 
B  
 
Back Nine
Back Side   
The last 9 holes of an 18 hole course. Also known as the "Inward Nine".
 
Backspin    Hitting the ball with reverse spin. This causes the ball to stop more quickly when it lands on the green. The action of the backspin on the green is known as the "bite".
 
Backswing    The part of a golfer's swing in which the club goes backwards from the ground to above the golfer's head.
 
Bad Kick    A bad or unlucky bounce of the ball.
 
Bailing Out    Playing a "safe" shot to avoid the chance of the chance of landing in a hazard such as water, etc.
 
Ball Marker    A token or coin which is used to mark the position of the ball (by placing it directly behind the ball) when on the green. A ball marker is used so that another golfer can putt without the chance of hitting any balls. Here are some ball markers you can buy.
 
Ball Retriever    A long pole with a grab or scoop on the end that can be used for retrieving otherwise inaccessible balls, especially balls in water hazards. Here are some ball retrievers that you can buy.
 
Ball Washer    A device for washing your ball.
 
Banana Ball    A slice that causes the ball swerve from left to right (or right to left).
 
Baseball Grip    Holding the club with all 10 fingers on the grip - as if you were holding a baseball bat.
 
Beach    A bunker.
 
Birdie    Finishing 1 under par on a hole.
 
Bite    When a golf ball is hit with backspin it will stop more quickly on the green. The action of the backspin on the green is known as the "bite".
 
Blind    A shot where the player can not see where the ball will land. For example a shot onto a raised green from below.
 
Bogey    Finishing 1 over par on a hole.
 
Bounce Bank    Scoring a Birdie or better immediately after scoring a Bogey on the previous hole.
 
Bunker    A hazard filled with sand. Also known as a "Sand Trap".
 
Bye    A short match played over the remaining holes when the main match finishes early because one side has a commanding lead. The loser of the Bye traditionally pays for drinks at the Nineteenth Hole.
 
 
C  
 
Caddie
Caddy   
A person who carries your clubs and assists you round the course.
 
Carry    The distance the ball needs to travel before it hits the ground.
 
Casual Water    Temporary patches of water on the course, such as puddles left by rain. There is no penalty for removing the ball out of casual water.
 
Chili-Dipping    A poor shot in which the golf club hits the ground behind the ball before hitting the ball. Also known as a "Chunk" or a "Fat Shot".
 
Chip In    Getting the ball into the hole with a chip shot.
 
Chip Shot    A short approach shot with a low trajectory.
 
Choke    To play badly when under pressure.
 
Choke Down    To grip the club lower down than usual.
 
Chop    To hit the ball with a chopping movement.
 
Chunk    A poor shot in which the golf club hits the ground behind the ball before hitting the ball. Also known as a "Fat Shot" or "Chili-Dipping".
 
Clubhead    The part of the club that you hit the ball with.
 
Clubhouse    The building to which you go for refreshments after a golf game.
 
Course Rating    The difficulty level of a particular golf course. A higher course rating means a more difficult course.
 
Cup    Used either to refer to the hole, or to the white plastic receptacle in the hole which cradles the ball and keeps the flagstick upright.
 
 
D  
 
Deuce    Finishing a hole in two shots.
 
Dimple    The small indentations on a golf ball.
 
Divot    The piece of grass/ground/turf which comes away from the ground when the club hits the ball. You should always replace divots and tap them gentlely back into place.
 
Dog Balls    Scoring 8 on a hole. Also known as a "Snowman".
 
Dogleg    A hole which goes straight for a while but then bends to the left or right.
 
Dormie    The situation when a player's lead in match play is equal to the number of holes left to play.
 
Double Bogey    Finishing 2 over par on a hole.
 
Double Eagle    Finishing 3 under par on a hole. Also known as an "Albatross"
 
Double Sandie
Double Sandy   
When a player hits par or better despite having 2 bunker shots.
 
Downhill Lie    A ball on a slope such that when a right-handed golfer addresses the ball, his right foot will be higher than his left foot.
 
Draw Shot    A controlled hook shot.
 
Drive    The shot a golf takes from the tee.
 
Driver    The 1 wood club. This is used to hit the ball the farthest distance.
 
Drop    Putting the ball back into water after hitting the ball out of bounds or into water.
 
Dub    A poorly hit shot. Also known as a "Duff" or "Flub".
 
Duff    A poorly hit shot. Also known as a "Dub" or "Flub".
 
Duffer    A person who makes lots of bad shots.
 
 
E  
 
Eagle    Finishing 2 under par on a hole.
 
 
F  
 
Face    The part of the clubhead that contacts the ball.
 
Fade    A shot which gradually curves from one side to the other. In the case of a right-handed golfer, from left to right.
 
Fairway    The agree of the golf course lying between the tee box and the green, in which the grass is cut short.
 
Fat Shot    A poor shot in which the golf club hits the ground behind the ball before hitting the ball. Also known as a "Chunk" or "Chili-Dipping".
 
Flat Stick    A golf club used for putting. Also known as a "Putter".
 
Flub    A poorly hit shot. Also known as a "Dub" or "Duff".
 
Follow Through    The last part of the golf swing after the club has come into contact with the ball.
 
Fore    A warning that to another person on a golf course that the ball may be heading towards them.
 
Free Drop    A Drop which does not have an associated penalty of a stroke being added to your score. You may get a free drop if there is casual water on the course, or the ground is under repair, for example.
 
Fringe    The area of closely-cut grass around the green. Also known as the "Apron".
 
Front Nine
Front Side   
The first 9 holes of an 18 hole course. Also known as the "Outward Nine".
 
 
G  
 
Gimme    A shot which is so close to the hole, that the player will certainly make the putt. The player does not have to actually take this putt, although it still counts as a stroke.
 
Goldie Bounce    When the ball strikes a tree and bounces back onto the fairway.
 
Good-Good    When two golfers agree to concede each other's putts.
 
Grain    The direction the grass on the green is growing.
 
Green    The area around the hole where the grass is cut very neatly and putting occurs. Also known as the "Putting Green".
 
Grip    How a golfer holds a club. Alternatively, the part of the club which a golfer grips.
 
Gross    The total number of strokes a golfer uses to complete a round.
 
Grounding    Placing the clubhead immediately behind the ball when addressing the ball.
 
 
H  
 
Hacker    A person who makes lots of bad shots.
 
Handicap    The number of strokes a player may deduct from his score so as to adjust his score to that of a Scratch Golfer.
 
Hazard    An obstacle on a golf cause such as a bunker, lake, or pond.
 
Head    The part of the club that you hit the ball with.
 
Heel    The part of the clubhead nearest the shaft of the golf club.
 
Hole High    An approach shot which is level with the hole but off to one side or the other.
 
Hole Out    Finishing a hole.
 
Hole in one    Finishing a hole in one shot.
 
Honor    The privilege of hitting the ball first on the next tee. You gain this priviledge by achieving the lowest score on the previous hole.
 
Hook    A golf shot which causes the ball to from one side to the other. In the case of a right-handed golf from right to left, and in the case of a left-handed golfer from left to right.
 
Hosel    The part of the clubhead that the shaft fits into.
 
 
I  
 
In Contention    A player with a chance of winning a tournament.
 
Interlocking Grip    Holding the club with the hands interlocked so that the little finger of the lower hand is interlocking with the index finger of the upper hand.
 
Inward Nine    The last 9 holes of an 18 hole course. Also known as the "Back Nine" or "Back Side".
 
Iron    A club with an iron head.
 
 
J  
 
Jab    A short, quick, and possibly erratic, putting stroke.
 
Jail    When the ball is stuck in an area which is difficult to get out of, especially an area with lots of trees.
 
Jungle    When the ball is in a rough or wooded area.
 
 
K  
 
Kick    The bounce of the ball.
 
 
L  
 
Lag    A putt that aims to put the ball close to the hole, but short of the hole, leaving an easy final putt to complete the hole.
 
Lateral Hazard    A hazard that runs parallel to the fairway.
 
Lie    The position the golf ball comes to rest on the ground.
 
Links    A golf course, especially one near the sea.
 
Lip    The rim of the cup in the hole.
 
Lob    A shot that goes up almost vertically and stops quickly when it hits the green.
 
Local Rules    Special rules used when playing on a particular golf course.
 
Loft    The angle between the face of the club and the vertical.
 
Loose Impediment    A small natural item, not fixed or growing, which is stuck to the ball. If not found within a hazard, players are permitted to remove loose impediments provided they do not move the ball - moving the ball results in a 1 stroke penalty.
 
 
M  
 
Match Play    A competition where each hole is worth one point regardless of how many strokes one player beats the other by.
 
Medal Play    A competition where the overall number of strokes is used to determine the winner. Also known as "Stroke Play".
 
Mud Ball    A golf ball with mud or other debris stuck to it. Golfers are normally only allowed to wash a ball in play when it is on the green, although Local Rules sometimes sometimes give more flexibility.
 
Mulligan    A free shot which your opponents grants you after hitting a really bad first shot.
 
 
N  
 
Nassau    A competition where a point is awarded for the front nine (first 9 holes), back 9 (last 9 holes), and the overall 18 holes.
 
Nineteenth Hole    The clubhouse building in general, and in particular the bar area.
 
 
O  
 
Offset    A golf club where the head is slightly behind the shaft.
 
Ostrich    Finishing 5 under par on a hole. (Note: This would be only be possible by scoring an Ace on a Par 6 hole, or a Deuce on a Par 7 hole).
 
Out of Bounds    The area outside the golf course where you are not allowed to play. If you hit the ball out of bounds, you must hit the ball again from the same place.
 
Outward Nine    The first 9 holes of an 18 hole course. Also known as the "Front Nine" or "Front Side".
 
Overclubbing    Using a club that will hit the ball further than needed.
 
Overlapping Grip    Holding the club with the the little finger of the lower hand is resting on top of the index finger of the upper hand. Also known as the "Vardon Grip".
 
 
P  
 
Par    The recommended number of strokes to complete a particular hole on a particular golf course.
 
Penalty Stroke    A stroke which is added to a golfer's score after hitting the ball out of bounds, losing his ball, a rules violation, etc.
 
Pin    The flagstick or pole in the hole.
 
Pitch    A golf shot with high arc that lands on the green and usually stops quickly.
 
Pivot    The rotation of the upper body during a golf swing.
 
Play Through    When faster players move through a group of slower players who were in front of them.
 
Plunk    A Lie where the ball is on the edge or lip of a water hazard.
 
Pro Shop    The golf course shop.
 
Provisional Ball    The additional ball which is used if a golfer's ball can not be found. When a ball is lost, the golfer must play the provisional play and also receives a penalty stroke.
 
Pull    A ball that goes to the left (right-handed golfer players) or right (left-handed golf players) of the target.
 
Push    A ball that goes to the right (right-handed golfer players) or left (left-handed golf players) of the target.
 
Putt    A shot played on the green, usually with a putter.
 
Putter    A golf club used for putting. Sometimes known as a "Flat Stick".
 
Putting Green    The area around the hole where the grass is cut very neatly and putting occurs. Also known as the "Green".
 
 
R  
 
Range    An area where golfers can practise, especially their drives.
 
Reading the Green    Seeing which way a putt will curve because of the slope and grain of the green.
 
Reverse Bounce Bank    Scoring a Bogey or worse immediately after scoring a Birdie on the previous hole.
 
Rough    The areas of long grass beside the fairway.
 
Round    Playing 18 holes of golf.
 
Run    The distance that the ball travels after landing.
 
 
S  
 
Sand Trap    A hazard filled with sand. Also known as a "Bunker".
 
Sand Wedge    A club with an iron clubhead used to heat the ball out of bunker.
 
Sandie
Sandy   
When a player hits par or better despite having a bunker shot.
 
Scratch Golf    A player who will complete the course at par or better every time he plays, and therefore has a handicap of 0.
 
Short Game    The parts of a golf game played near-to and on the green.
 
Snowman    Scoring 8 on a hole. Also known as "Dog-Balls".
 
Spray    Hitting the ball inconsistently, in a seemingly random direction.
 
Stimpmeter    A device used for measuring the speed of greens.
 
Stroke Play    A competition where the overall number of strokes is used to determine the winner. Also known as "Medal Play".
 
Sudden Death    Settling a tied match by playing extra holes. The winner is the first player to win a hole.
 
Summer Rules    The normal rules for playing golf.
 
Sweet Spot    The center point of the face of the club/ball. Striking the two together produces the best drives.
 
 
T  
 
Tee    The peg used to hold the ball when driving. Also used to describe the area where this takes place.
 
Texas Wedge    Using a putter when not on the green.
 
Tight Fairway    A narrow fairway.
 
Toe    The part of the clubhead furthest from where it joins the shaft.
 
Triple Sandie
Triple Sandy   
When a player hits par or better despite having 3 bunker shots.
 
Turn    To start the Back Nine holes.
 
 
U  
 
Underclubbing    Using a club that will not hit the ball the required distance.
 
 
V  
 
Vardon Grip    Holding the club with the the little finger of the lower hand is resting on top of the index finger of the upper hand. Also known as the "Overlapping Grip".
 
Vaulting Dormie    The situation in match play when a player goes straight to victory without passing through the minimum of a guaranteed tie. For example, if the player has a 1-hole lead with 2 holes left to play, and then goes to a 2-hole lead with 1-hole left to play.
 
 
W  
 
Waggle    The routine a golfer does before hitting the ball, such as adjusting his body and doing a practice swing at the ball.
 
Wedge    An iron with a high loft using for short shots with a high trajectory.
 
Whiff    A shot where the player completely misses the ball. Also know as an "Air Shot".
 
Winter Rules    A local rules variation that may allow players to improve the lie of the ball on the fairway.
 
Wood    A club with a wooden head.
 
Worm Burner    A shot that is hit low, and, usually, hard.
 
 
Y  
 
Yips    The tendency of some players to twitch while putting, usually damaging that player's chances.
 
 
Z  
 
Zinger    A shot where the ball is hit high and hard.
 

Your Comments

Please share your comments:

   


 
 
 
 

 
 
Disclaimer: This website and its content, is intended for general information only. Information on this site is the personal opinions of the authors only, and has NOT been reviewed or vetted by a doctor or other medical professional or nutritionist or fitness instructor, etc. Please be sure to consult with your doctor before changing your exercise regimen or diet, if you need health or medical advice, or if you seek prevention, diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition, illness or disease, or advice on any such matter.

Note: Our company does NOT provide travel, vacation, hotel, car rental services or associated products or services. Any links (including but not limited to banners, text links, or search forms) to such items on this web site are adverts from third parties. Sorry we can NOT answer questions about these types of products or services.

Our company is NOT associated with any specific golf resorts, golf courses, destinations, attractions or places of interest that may be described on this website. In such cases, we have often provided links to the official sites where possible, or other third party sites containing useful information, purely as a courtesy and for informational purposes only.

All information about golf courses and resorts, attractions, places of interest, travel destinations, travel services, etc., was believed to be correct at the time it was prepared, but may be change at any time. Readers are advised to check with the golf course/resort operator, their travel agent, travel provider, or the attraction operator, for current information.


Copyright © 2007-2017, Answers 2000 Limited

CERTAIN CONTENT THAT APPEARS ON THIS SITE COMES FROM AMAZON SERVICES LLC. THIS CONTENT IS PROVIDED 'AS IS' AND IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE OR REMOVAL AT ANY TIME.

Disclosure: Our company's websites' content (including this website's content) includes advertisements for our own company's websites, products, and services, and for other organization's websites, products, and services. In the case of links to other organization's websites, our company may receive a payment, (1) if you purchase products or services, or (2) if you sign-up for third party offers, after following links from this website. Unless specifically otherwise stated, information about other organization's products and services, is based on information provided by that organization, the product/service vendor, and/or publicly available information - and should not be taken to mean that we have used the product/service in question. Additionally, our company's websites contain some adverts which we are paid to display, but whose content is not selected by us, such as Google AdSense ads. For more detailed information, please see Advertising/Endorsements Disclosures

Our sites use cookies, some of which may already be set on your computer. Use of our site constitutes consent for this. For details, please see Privacy.

Contact Us   Privacy   Terms of Use   Advertising/Endorsements Disclosures

In Association With Amazon.com
Answers 2000 Limited is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.
All trademarks are property of their respective owners.
All third party content and adverts are copyright of their respective owners.

Some graphics on our web sites are Copyright (C) 1997-2000 Hemera Technologies Inc., and used under license. All such pictures are provided for viewing purposes only and are not to be saved or downloaded. All such pictures of recognizable individuals are models and used for illustrative purposes only, and not meant to imply any association or endorsement of said individual with any product or service.